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DistroWatch.com: Debian

Debian

Last Update: 2017-12-14 06:20 UTC


The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This operating system is called Debian. Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel. Linux is a completely free piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. Of course, the thing that people want is application software: programs to help them get what they want to do done, from editing documents to running a business to playing games to writing more software. Debian comes with over 50,000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) - all of it free. It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. Next is all the software that you run on the computer. At the top of the tower is Debian -- carefully organizing and fitting everything so it all works together.

Popularity (hits per day): 12 months: 2 (1,910), 6 months: 2 (1,805), 3 months: 2 (1,715), 4 weeks: 2 (1,685), 1 week: 2 (2,001)

Average visitor rating: 8.48/10 from 273 review(s).


Debian Summary
Distribution Debian (formerly Debian GNU/Linux)
Home Page http://www.debian.org/
Mailing Lists http://lists.debian.org/
User Forums http://forums.debian.net/
Alternative User Forums LinuxQuestions.org
Documentation http://www.debian.org/doc/
Debianizzati (Italian)
Debian Administrator's Handbook
Screenshots http://screenshots.debian.net/DistroWatch Gallery
Screencasts
Download Mirrors http://www.debian.org/distrib/ftplist
Debian on CD
Bug Tracker http://bugs.debian.org/
Related Websites debianHELPDebianHelp.co.ukDebian-AdministrationBits from DebianPlanet DebianAbout DebianDebian WikiDebian AdminDebian BackportsDebuntuDebian BrazilDebian Czech RepublicDebian Czech RepublicDebian FranceDebian FranceDebian Hong KongDebian ItalyDebian ItalyDebian JapanDebian Portugal
Reviews 9.0: DedoimedoPro-Linux (German) • DistroWatch
8.0: Everyday Linux UserPro-Linux (German) • DistroWatchHeise (German)
7.0: Pro-Linux (German) • ZDNetDistroWatchBlogspot
6.0: Everyday Linux UserLinux UserOS NewsPro-Linux (German) • DistroWatcheWEEKHeise Open (German)
5.0: DedoimedoIT ReviewsIt's A Binary WorldAdventures in Open SourceeWEEKLinuxBSDosSourceForge (Japanese) • DeviceGuruDatamationThe RegisterHeise Open (German)
4.0: SymsysLinuxoid (Russian) • Free Software MagazineLinuxsoft (Czech) • Techno Wizah
3.1: Linux DevCenterLinux.com
3.0: Linux.comServerWatchDistroWatch
Where To Buy OSDisc.com (sponsored link)

Recent Related News and Releases
  Releases, download links and checksums:
 • 2017-06-18: Distribution Release: Debian 9
 • 2015-04-26: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 8.0
 • 2013-05-05: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 7.0
 • 2011-02-06: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 6.0
 • 2009-02-15: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0
 • 2009-02-01: Development Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 RC2
 • 2008-11-13: Development Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 RC1
 • 2008-10-24: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r5
 • 2008-08-27: Development Release: Debian Live 5.0 Beta 1
 • 2008-07-27: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r4
 • 2008-06-09: Development Release: Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 Beta 2
 • 2008-02-17: Distribution Release: Debian GNU/Linux 4.0r3
 • More Debian releases...

  Headlines:
 •2017-12-10 Debian planning automatic updates
 •2017-12-09 Debian updates media
 •2017-12-06 Debian displays source code
 •2017-10-15 Debian publishes 9.2.1 media
 •2017-09-21 Debian enabling AppArmor
 •2017-08-24 Purism working on free software phone
 •2017-08-17 Debian on mobile devices
 •2017-08-09 Using Flatpak to backport new software
 •2017-08-08 Debian disables old TLS versions
 •2017-08-04 Future of Debian Live
 • More Debian headlines...

Table Notes and Explanations

(Please refer to the table below.)
  • Select view:
  • To compare the software in this project to the software available in other distributions, please see our Compare Packages page.
  • Notes: In case where multiple versions of a package are shipped with a distribution, only the default version appears in the table. For indication about the GNOME version, please check the "nautilus" and "gnome-shell" packages. The Apache web server is listed as "httpd" and the Linux kernel is listed as "linux". The KDE desktop is represented by the "kdelibs" and "plasma-desktop" packages and the Xfce desktop by the "xfdesktop" package.
  • Colour scheme: green text = latest stable version, red text = development or beta version. The function determining beta versions is not 100% reliable due to a wide variety of versioning schemes.

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Feature unstable
sid
testing
buster
9
stretch
8.0
jessie
7.0
wheezy
6.0
squeeze
5.0
lenny
4.0
etch
3.1
sarge
3.0
woody
2.2
potato
2.1
slink
2.0
hamm
1.3
bo
1.2
rex
1.1
buzz
Feature
Release Date 2017-12-14 2017-12-14 2017-06-18 2015-04-26 2013-05-04 2011-02-06 2009-02-15 2007-04-08 2005-06-06 2002-07-19 2000-08-15 1999-03-09 1998-07-23 1997-06-05 1996-12-12 1996-06-17 Release Date
End Of Life       2020-05 2018-05 2016-02                     End Of Life
Price (US$) Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Free Price (US$)
Image Size (MB)     28-3700                         Image Size (MB)
Free Download ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO ISO Free Download
Installation Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Graphical Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Text mode Installation
Default Desktop GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME GNOME         Default Desktop
Package Management DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB DEB Package Management
Release Model Rolling Semi Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Fixed Release Model
Office Suite Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, KOffice, LibreOffice Calligra, GOffice, KOffice, LibreOffice GOffice, KOffice, OO.o GOffice, KOffice, OO.o GOffice, KOffice, OO.o GOffice, KOffice, OO.o KOffice -- -- -- -- -- -- Office Suite
Processor Architecture amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mips64el, ppc64el, s390x amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mips64el, ppc64el, s390x amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mips64el, ppc64el, s390x amd64, arm64, armel, armhf, i386, mips, mipsel, powerpc, ppc64el, s390x amd64, armel, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390x, sparc amd64, armel, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc amd64, alpha, arm, armel, hppa, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc amd64, alpha, arm, hppa, i386, ia64, m68k, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc alpha, arm, hppa, i386, ia64, m68k, mips, powerpc, s390, sparc alpha, arm, hppa, i386, ia64, m68k, mips, powerpc, s390, sparc             Processor Architecture
Init Software systemd systemd systemd systemd SysV SysV SysV SysV SysV SysV SysV SysV Upstart SysV SysV SysV Init Software
Journaled File Systems Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS Btrfs, ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, ext4, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, JFS, ReiserFS, XFS ext3, ReiserFS             Journaled File Systems
Multilingual Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Multilingual
Asian Language Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw cn, jp, kr, tw Asian Language Support
Full Package List unstable testing 9 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.1 3.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.3 1.2 1.1 Full Package List
Package unstable
sid
testing
buster
9
stretch
8.0
jessie
7.0
wheezy
6.0
squeeze
5.0
lenny
4.0
etch
3.1
sarge
3.0
woody
2.2
potato
2.1
slink
2.0
hamm
1.3
bo
1.2
rex
1.1
buzz
Package
abiword (3.0.2) 3.0.2 3.0.2 3.0.2 3.0.0 2.9.2 2.8.2 2.6.4 2.4.6 2.2.7 1.0.2 0.7.7 -- -- -- -- -- abiword (3.0.2)
alsa-lib (1.1.5) 1.1.3 1.1.3 1.1.3 1.0.28 1.0.25 1.0.23 1.0.16 1.0.13 1.0.8 0.9.0beta12 0.4.1e 0.1.1 -- -- -- -- alsa-lib (1.1.5)
ati-driver (16.40) -- -- -- 14.301.1001 8.980 8.771 8.12 8.28.8 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- ati-driver (16.40)
bash (4.4.12) 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.2 3.1 2.05b 2.05a 2.03 -- -- 2.0 1.14.7 1.14.6 bash (4.4.12)
bind (9.11.2) 9.11.2 9.11.2 9.10.3-P4 9.9.5 9.8.4-P1 9.7.2-P3 9.5.1 9.3.4 9.2.4 8.3.3 8.2.2-P7 8.1.2 8.1.2 4.9.7 4.9.4-P1 4.9.3-P1 bind (9.11.2)
chromium (63.0.3239.84) 63.0.3239.84 62.0.3202.89 59.0.3071.86 41.0.2272.118 26.0.1410.43 6.0.472.63 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- chromium (63.0.3239.84)
cups (2.2.6) 2.2.6 2.2.6 2.2.1 1.7.5 1.5.3 1.4.4 1.3.8 1.2.7 1.1.23 1.1.14 1.0.4 -- -- -- -- -- cups (2.2.6)
dhcp (4.3.6) 4.3.5 4.3.5 4.3.5 4.3.1 4.2.2 4.1.1-P1 3.1.1 3.0.4 3.0.1 2.0pl5 2.0pl4 1.0.2 1.0.2 -- -- -- dhcp (4.3.6)
e2fsprogs (1.43.7) 1.43.7 1.43.7 1.43.4 1.42.12 1.42.5 1.41.12 1.41.3 1.39 1.37 1.27 1.18 -- -- 1.10 1.06 1.02 e2fsprogs (1.43.7)
firefox (57.0.2) 57.0.1 52.5.0 52.2.0 31.6.0 10.0.12 3.5.16 3.0.6 2.0.0.3 1.0.4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- firefox (57.0.2)
freetype (2.8.1) 2.8.1 2.8.1 2.6.3 2.5.2 2.4.9 2.4.2 2.3.7 2.2.1 2.1.7 1.4pre 1.3.1 1.2 1.0 0.3 -- -- freetype (2.8.1)
gcc (7.2.0) 7.2.0 7.2.0 6.3.0 4.9.2 4.7.2 4.4.5 4.3.2 4.1.1 3.3.5 2.95.4 2.95.2 2.7.2.3 2.7.2.3 2.7.2.1 -- 2.7.2 gcc (7.2.0)
gimp (2.8.22) 2.8.20 2.8.20 2.8.18 2.8.14 2.8.2 2.6.10 2.4.7 2.2.13 2.2.6 1.2.3 1.0.4 1.0.2 1.0.0 0.54.1 -- 0.54.1 gimp (2.8.22)
glibc (2.26) 2.25 2.25 2.24 2.19 2.13 2.11.2 2.7 2.3.6 2.3.2 2.2.5 2.1.3 2.0.7 2.0.7t 1.92 1.92 -- glibc (2.26)
gnome-shell (3.26.2) 3.26.2 3.26.2 3.22.3 3.14.2 3.4.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- gnome-shell (3.26.2)
gnucash (2.6.18-1) 2.6.18 -- 2.6.15 2.6.4 2.4.10 2.2.9 2.2.6 2.0.5 1.8.10 1.6.6 1.3.4 -- -- -- -- -- gnucash (2.6.18-1)
gnumeric (1.12.37) 1.12.35 1.12.35 1.12.32 1.12.18 1.10.17 1.10.8 1.8.3 1.6.3 1.4.3 1.0.8 0.47 0.3 -- -- -- -- gnumeric (1.12.37)
grub (2.02) 2.02 2.02 2.02beta3 2.02beta2 1.99 1.98 0.97 0.97 0.95 0.91 0.5.93.1 -- -- -- -- -- grub (2.02)
gtk+ (3.22.26) 3.22.26 3.22.24 3.22.11 3.14.5 3.4.2 2.20.1 2.12.11 2.8.20 2.6.4 2.0.2 1.0.6 1.0.6 1.0.4 -- -- -- gtk+ (3.22.26)
httpd (2.4.29) 2.4.29 2.4.29 2.4.25 2.4.10 2.2.22 2.2.16 2.2.9 2.2.3 2.0.54 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- httpd (2.4.29)
inkscape (0.92.2) 0.92.2 0.92.2 0.92.1 0.48.5 0.48.3.1 0.47.0 0.46 0.44.1 0.41 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- inkscape (0.92.2)
k3b (17.12.0) 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.3a 2.0.2 2.0.2 2.0.1 1.0.5 0.12.17 0.11.20 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- k3b (17.12.0)
kmod (24) 24 24 23 18 9 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- kmod (24)
libgnome (2.32.1) 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.32.1 2.30.0 2.20.1.1 2.16.0 2.8.1 1.4.1.4 -- -- -- -- -- -- libgnome (2.32.1)
libreoffice (5.4.3) 5.4.3 5.4.3 5.2.7 4.3.3 3.5.4 3.2.1 2.4.1 2.0.4 1.1.3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- libreoffice (5.4.3)
linux (4.14.6) 4.14 4.13 4.9.30 3.16.7 3.2.41 2.6.32 2.6.26 2.6.18 2.4.27 2.2.20 2.2.16 2.0.36 2.0.34 2.0.29 2.0.27 2.0.0 linux (4.14.6)
Package unstable
sid
testing
buster
9
stretch
8.0
jessie
7.0
wheezy
6.0
squeeze
5.0
lenny
4.0
etch
3.1
sarge
3.0
woody
2.2
potato
2.1
slink
2.0
hamm
1.3
bo
1.2
rex
1.1
buzz
Package
lxde-common (0.99.2) 0.99.2 0.99.2 0.99.2 0.99.0 0.5.5 0.5.0 0.3.2.1svn -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- lxde-common (0.99.2)
mariadb (10.2.11) 10.1.29 10.1.29 10.1.23 10.0.16 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- mariadb (10.2.11)
mate-desktop (1.18.0) 1.18.0 1.18.0 1.16.2 1.8.1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- mate-desktop (1.18.0)
mesa (17.3.0) 17.3.0 17.2.5 13.0.6 10.3.2 8.0.5 7.7.1 7.0.3 6.5.1 4.3.0 4.2.1 3.1 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.2.7 mesa (17.3.0)
mysql (5.7.20) 5.7.20 -- -- 5.5.43 5.5.30 5.1.49 5.0.51a 5.0.32 4.0.24 3.23.49 3.22.32 3.21.33b 3.21.31 -- -- -- mysql (5.7.20)
nautilus (3.26.2) 3.26.0 3.26.0 3.22.3 3.14.1 3.4.2 2.30.1 2.20.0 2.14.3 2.8.2 1.0.6 -- -- -- -- -- -- nautilus (3.26.2)
NVIDIA (387.22) 384.98 384.98 375.66 340.65 304.88 195.36.31 173.14.09 1.0-8776 1.0-7174 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- NVIDIA (387.22)
openbox (3.6.1) 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.6.1 3.5.2 3.5.0 3.4.11.1 3.4.7.2 3.3 3.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- openbox (3.6.1)
openjdk (8u151) 8u151 8u151 8u131 7u75 7u3 6b18 6b11 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- openjdk (8u151)
openssh (7.6p1) 7.6p1 7.6p1 7.4p1 6.7p1 6.0p1 5.5p1 5.1p1 4.3p2 3.8.1p1 3.4p1 1.2.3 1.2 -- -- -- -- openssh (7.6p1)
openssl (1.1.0g) 1.1.0g 1.1.0g 1.1.0f 1.0.1k 1.0.1e 0.9.8o 0.9.8g 0.9.8c 0.9.7e 0.9.6c -- -- -- -- -- -- openssl (1.1.0g)
perl (5.26.1) 5.26.1 5.26.1 5.24.1 5.20.2 5.14.2 5.10.1 5.10.0 5.8.8 5.8.4 5.6.1 5.4.5 5.4.4 5.4.4 5.3.7 5.3.7 5.2 perl (5.26.1)
php (7.2.0) 7.0 7.0 7.0.19 5.6.7 5.4.4 5.3.3 5.2.6 5.2.0 4.3.10 4.1.2 4.0.3pl1 3.0.5 3.0 2.0b10 -- -- php (7.2.0)
plasma-desktop (5.11.4) 5.10.5 5.10.5 5.8.6 4.11.13 4.8.4 4.4.5 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- plasma-desktop (5.11.4)
postfix (3.2.4) 3.2.3 3.2.3 3.1.4 2.11.3 2.9.6 2.7.1 2.5.5 2.3.8 2.1.5 1.1.11 19991231 -- -- -- -- -- postfix (3.2.4)
postgresql (10.1) 10 10 9.6.3 9.4.1 9.1.9 8.4.5 8.3.6 8.1.8 7.4.7 7.2.1 6.5.3 6.3.2 6.3.2 -- -- -- postgresql (10.1)
Python (3.6.3) 2.7.14 2.7.14 2.7.13 2.7.9 2.7.3 2.6.6 2.5.2 2.4.4 2.3.5 2.1.3 1.5.2 1.5.1 1.5.1 1.4.0 1.4.0 1.3 Python (3.6.3)
qt (5.10.0) 5.9.2 5.9.2 5.7.1 4.8.6 4.8.2 4.6.3 3.3.8b 3.3.7 3.3.4 2.3.1 1.45 1.40 1.33 1.2 -- -- qt (5.10.0)
samba (4.7.3) 4.7.3 4.7.3 4.5.8 4.1.17 3.6.6 3.5.6 3.2.5 3.0.24 3.0.14a 2.2.3a 2.0.7 2.0.5a 1.9.18p8 1.9.17p2 1.9.16p9 1.9.15p4 samba (4.7.3)
systemd (236) 235 235 232 215 44 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- systemd (236)
thunderbird (52.5.0) 52.5.0 52.4.0 45.8.0 31.6.0 10.0.12 3.0.11 2.0.0.19 1.5.0.10 1.0.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- thunderbird (52.5.0)
vim (8.0) 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.3 6.1 5.6 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.5 3.0 vim (8.0)
vlc (2.2.8) 2.2.8 2.2.8 2.2.6 2.2.0rc2 2.0.3 1.1.3 0.8.6h 0.8.6 0.8.1 0.2.92 -- -- -- -- -- -- vlc (2.2.8)
xfdesktop (4.12.4) 4.12.4 4.12.4 4.12.3 4.10.2 4.8.3 4.6.2 4.4.2 4.3.99.2 4.0.5 3.8.16 -- -- -- -- -- -- xfdesktop (4.12.4)
xorg-server (1.19.5) 1.19.5 1.19.5 1.19.2 1.16.4 1.12.4 1.7.7 1.4.2 1.1.1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- xorg-server (1.19.5)

Reader Ratings
Reader supplied reviews for Debian

Average rating
8.5
from 273 review(s)



What are your thoughts on Debian?
Please include a few pros and a few cons, along with your overall impression of the operating system.

Version:

Rating:    out of 10

Comments (maximum 2,048 characters):




Past reviews - sort by:

Version: testing
Rating: 2
Date: 2017-12-14
Votes: 0


That's the only system in which hardware does not work despite a driver installation.
What is it? WiFi of course, what could be else?
Some threatening info at boot about firmware bug and necessity of update of firmware but which firmware? Kernel 4.13 does not support intel grapahics like somebody has noticed already.
There must be some place where this system has its use but I cannot find it.
Certainly is not a desktop. Maybe it's stable like the others says butthe problems are too diffuclt and important.
I do not recommend.


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 9
Rating: 9
Date: 2017-12-12
Votes: 1


9.3. Nice to see the old package source in Synaptic is back. I use Mate, which works great. Only thing, pepperflash and adobe flash not in the repositories of Belnet. Can be solved by installing Google Chrome, which works perfect. Final verdict: I love Debian.


Was this review helpful? Yes No
Version: 9
Rating: 6
Date: 2017-12-11
Votes: 4


Installed Debian 9.3 Xfce, installation went quite fast until all the software is installed and then quite slow. No noticeable changes.

Theming is very boring, icons from the root directory and home scrambled together, very ugly and appears to be another hurried release. Tried to fix the icons issue and reboot but something more to it.

Had high hopes that this release would be a departure from the past failures, writing is on the wall and time to move on to something else.

A stable release should be at least that, stable and ready to go OOTB and clearly this release needs more attention.

Sad, Debian has lost sight of what once made them great.


Was this review helpful? Yes No

See all 273 reader reviews of Debian...


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