| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 242, 3 March 2008
Welcome to this year's 9th issue of DistroWatch Weekly! The delayed FreeBSD 7.0 was finally released last week and there is a lot to be excited about - especially if you deploy this excellent operating system on servers. But how about the desktop users? Is this latest version ready to take over our workstations? Read our first look review to find out. In the news section, the Debian release team contemplates the inclusion of KDE 4 in "Lenny", KNOPPIX springs to life at CeBIT with a new live DVD, Mandriva continues its relentless march towards version 2008.1, and Fedora discusses improvements in NetworkManager. Finally, we are pleased to announce that the recipient of the DistroWatch February 2008 donation is Frugalware Linux, a community distribution from Hungary. Happy reading!
Join us at irc.freenode.net #distrowatch
First look at FreeBSD 7.0
I remember well the first time I attempted to set up FreeBSD 4.x as a desktop system. After configuring the X window and launching KDE, I was greeted with something that only a computing masochist could find enjoyable - no mouse or sound, unsightly jagged fonts, lack of a graphical package manager and other configuration tools... It took hours of searching and following "geeky" documentation before I was able to load the correct kernel modules for the USB mouse, install prettier fonts and set up anti-aliasing - all by editing obscure configuration files in Vim. Needless to say, the first impressions weren't good. Despite an obviously elegant system with a large number of packages available for installation, the tedium of setting it up as a desktop system was discouraging, to say the least.
So when FreeBSD 7.0 was finally released last week, I decided to make a new attempt at installing and configuring FreeBSD for the desktop. Have things improved? Would I be able to tweak the FreeBSD of today into a desktop system without wasting hours of searching and command line configuring? These were the questions going through my mind while booting the installation CD on my test box - an older Pentium 4 1.4 GHz machine with 384 MB of RAM, two 120 GB hard disks, an NVIDIA GForce4 graphics card, a generic LCD monitor with a maximum resolution of 1280x1024 pixels, integrated sound and network chips that are recognised by most Linux distributions, a USB mouse, a DVD burner... all pretty standard if somewhat outdated hardware.
I didn't expect all that much. After all, I read the release announcement, so I knew that the FreeBSD development team had spent most of its time on such tasks as speeding up the performance of SQL databases and porting the ZFS file system from Solaris - features that are of little interest to most desktop users. In other words, FreeBSD is still predominantly a server operating system and although there is nothing that would stop a knowledgeable or determined user from setting it up as a complete and functional workstation, it is unlikely that an average computer user would find it particularly enticing.
That said, things have certainly improved since FreeBSD 4. The USB driver is now part of the kernel, so there is no need to load it manually like in the old days. Likewise, the sound card and network card worked out of the box. As for the fonts, these too looked infinitely better in the stock KDE than they used to just a few years ago. Some of these improvements are the result of the included software components (e.g. the latest X.Org 7.3 and its configuration utilities), rather than the work of the FreeBSD development team, but this won't matter to an average end user.
FreeBSD 7.0 includes no branding, but some sample wallpapers are available from the project's logo page.
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Package management is another area that has been through major changes. The old favourites, such as pkg_add, cvsup or portupgrade are still present, but the latest FreeBSD now also includes freebsd_update, a tool for keeping a FreeBSD installation up-to-date with security updates (in binary format) with minimum of fuss. For the ports, a new tool called csup, now part of the FreeBSD base system and intended as a better and faster alternative to cvsup, is also available. With over 18,000 FreeBSD ports ready for installation, these tools will surely come handy during the initial setup of that perfect workstation.
While command line package management utilities were always dime a dozen in FreeBSD, many desktop users would probably prefer a graphical tool along the lines of Synaptic or Yumex. There is some good news here too. Thanks to the efforts of the DesktopBSD project, its graphical package management utility called dbsd-pkgmgr (part of sysutils/desktopbsd-tools) is now available in the FreeBSD ports. I was familiar with this tool from my earlier explorations of DesktopBSD, so I decided to install it on the fresh FreeBSD 7.0. Apart from a few glitches (it looked for /usr/ports/INDEX-6 at start-up, but since this was FreeBSD 7, I created a symbolic link called INDEX-6 which pointed to INDEX-7 to make it work), I was able to install several packages, including GnuCash, Opera, KTorrent and others. The best part of this tool is that it supports both binary and source installs - all from the comfort of a nice GUI.
The package manager developed by DesktopBSD is now available in FreeBSD ports
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I spent much of the weekend installing binary applications that I normally use on my workstation - that includes Apache with PHP and SQLite support, OpenOffice.org, Firefox, GIMP, Liferea, gFTP, KTorrent, Kaffeine and others. All seemed to work fine and I have yet to see any of them crash. I haven't had a chance to install any of the proprietary graphics drivers or browser plugins and I haven't tested the extent of support for popular multimedia formats - this is one area which will be of interest to desktop users. If I get the time, I will report about these in next week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly.
Security in FreeBSD is handled in accordance with UNIX principles. The project has a security team which issues GPG-signed security advisories and distributes them via a dedicated security mailing list. This, however, is limited to security issues found in the FreeBSD kernel and userland, not in ports - hence the reason why the project rarely issues more than a dozen security advisories per year. With the ports, the situation is different - as a general rule, FreeBSD users are expected to upgrade the installed ports to the latest versions in regular intervals and there are also tools that alert the user to security problems in installed ports.
So would FreeBSD 7.0 make a decent desktop system? I haven't run it long enough to be able to answer the question, but from my initial testing I would be perfectly happy to give it a more intensive try. It certainly looks like a nicely crafted system, with extreme attention to detail - at least when it comes to the kernel and userland. The new package management utilities and improvements in security handling are also impressive. But don't expect to insert the FreeBSD CD and boot into a gorgeous graphical environment - that's not what the FreeBSD development team had set out to achieve. Luckily, with projects like PC-BSD or DesktopBSD, one can have the best of both worlds - the speed, stability and reliability of BSD, combined with an intuitive installer, package management and system configuration tools of the Linux world. If you don't fall into the "geek" category of computer users, you can always trust the two above-mentioned projects to deliver the goods.
Debian 5.0 "Lenny" updates, KNOPPIX 5.3 CeBIT edition, what's new in FreeBSD 7.0, Cooker vs Rawhide, RHEL risk report
We'll start this week's news round-up with an update from the Debian Release team. As announced on Sunday by Marc Brockschmidt, the upcoming version of Debian GNU/Linux (code name "Lenny"), will bear the version number 5.0: "For reading this far, you receive the small reward of the knowledge that Lenny will be shipped as Debian 5.0." Also of interest (especially to KDE fans) is the status of KDE 4 and its possible inclusion into Lenny: "There may be a possibility to include KDE 4 in Lenny. The efforts on KDE 4.1 have been quite promising and seem to be leading to a desktop environment which can fully replace KDE 3. The KDE team will provide betas and release candidates of the 4.1 release in experimental. In the event that KDE 4.1 is on time, and there are no major issues, an upload to unstable in order to include it in Lenny is possible." Otherwise the development of Debian GNU/Linux 5.0 appears to be progressing smoothly and the final release is still expected in September 2008. See the Debian Release Management page for more information.
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New versions of the popular KNOPPIX live CD may not come out as fast as they once used to, but that doesn't mean that the project is no longer active. In an announcement that will surely please all the fans of the distribution that started the Linux live CD revolution back in 2002, Klaus Knopper revealed that a brand new version would make its appearance during this week's CeBIT exhibition in Hannover, Germany: "The first edition of KNOPPIX 5.3.0 is included in c't magazine 06/2008 published during CeBIT 2008. After CeBIT, it will be available on the KNOPPIX mirrors for download, mostly unchanged." What can we look forward to? "Linux kernel 2.6.24; KDE 3.5.8 with Compiz Fusion as the 3D window manager; updates - cloop 2.624 realtime decompression with threads and experimental 'suspend' feature; Debian Etch + testing, Iceweasel and Icedove updates; OpenOffice.org 2.3.1; VirtualBox OSE; special accessibility features - ADRIANE Audio Desktop and Orca graphical screen reader." And if you can't wait for the public release, we have more good news: LinuxTracker has the torrent. Get it from here: KNOPPIX_V5.3.0DVD-2008-02-12-DE.iso (4,334MB).
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The great tradition of interviews with BSD developers which ONLamp.com started a few years ago continued last week - after the much-anticipated release of FreeBSD 7.0. "The day has come... FreeBSD is back to its incredible performance and now can take advantage of multi-core/CPUs systems very well... so well that some benchmarks on both Intel and AMD systems showed release 7.0 being faster than Linux 2.6 when running PostgreSQL or MySQL. Federico Biancuzzi interviewed two dozen developers to discuss all the cool details of FreeBSD 7.0: networking and SMP performance, SCTP support, the new IPSEC stack, virtualization, monitoring frameworks, ports, storage limits and a new journaling facility, what changed in the accounting file format, jemalloc(), ULE, and more." Better performance, faster networking, improved hardware support, top-notch security and more - read all about it in the highly technical 4-page interview entitled What's New in FreeBSD 7.0.
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If everything goes according to the plan, Mandriva Linux will be the first major distribution to make a new release during the upcoming "release season". Version 2008.1, scheduled for public release on April 9th, reached release candidate status last Saturday, with all the major pieces now in place. Besides major improvements to package management and wireless networking, upgrade to KDE 3.5.9 and new default GNOME applications for certain tasks (Brassero for CD burning, Transmission for BitTorrent downloads and HomeBank for personal finance management), one noticeable feature of this release candidate is the new artwork (see screenshot below). The only thing that remains to be done between now and the end of March is to fix any remaining bugs. Mandriva Linux 2008.1 seems to be poised to continue what the company started with version 2008 - to regain its reputation as one of the most user-friendly and polished desktop Linux distributions available today.
Mandriva Linux 2008.1 RC1 includes updated desktop theme and artwork
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Cooker, Current, Factory, Rawhide, Sid... the publicly accessible development branches of the main distributions continue to evolve at a rapid pace. But how do they compare? Austin Acton, a long-time DistroWatch reader, has decided to give some of them a little test by installing and running Mandriva's Cooker and Fedora's Rawhide. The result? "The experiment was far more surprising than I had originally expected. Notably, there is no clear 'winner'. Each has very notable strengths and weaknesses - in fact, I'm even not sure which one I will end up using. Additionally, while Mandriva is often referred to as a 'derivative' of Red Hat, there's clearly very little similarity remaining. So I spent a few hours jotting down my findings in hope that other people (read: geeks) will find them interesting. If I'm lucky, developers for each will note some of the problems and make my decision even harder."
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The Fedora Project web site continues to publish regular interviews with the project's developers and contributors. Last week it was the turn of Dan Williams, the developer of NetworkManager, to appear in the spotlight: "GNU/Linux systems have often come under attack for the difficulty involved with setting-up and configuring various wireless devices. Thanks to NetworkManager we now have a system that allows us to quickly and easily connect to different networks. As a result of improvements made to NetworkManager during the Fedora 8 release cycle the developers are ready to deliver some incredible new features, including ad-hoc networking, multiple active devices and internet connection sharing. To find out more we talked with Dan Williams, Fedora project member and NetworkManager developer."
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Finally, something for the users of enterprise Linux distributions. Red Hat Magazine has published an interesting article entitled Risk report: Three years of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4. Its goal? To measure the overall risk of running Red Hat Enterprise Linux in terms of vulnerabilities and threats: "The aim of this report was to get a measure of the security risk to users of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 during the first three years since release. We've shown that although on the surface it looks like Red Hat released a large number of security advisories, many of them do not apply to usual or default installations, and only a very small subset are a high risk. It would be foolish to draw conclusions about the future state of security in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 solely on the basis of this analysis of the past, however what we've tried to do is to enumerate the level of vulnerability and threat and hence overall platform risk."
|Released Last Week
Michael Prokop has announced the release of grml 1.1, a Debian-based distribution with a large collection of GNU/Linux software especially for users of text tools and system administrators: "grml 1.1 with codename 'Skunk' is available." What's new? "Several improved, updated and extended configuration files; new grml-scripts: arename.pl - rename audio files by looking at a file's tagging information, grml-live - build framework based on FAI for generating a grml and Debian-based Linux live system, grml-paste - command line interface for paste.grml.org, grml-vnet - create persistent tun/tap devices with bridge handling; new boot parameters: micvol - configure mixer / volume settings of microphone channel, lvm - activate present logical volumes (LVM), nolvm - completely disable LVM code/checks...." Please see the release announcement and release notes for more details.
Chris Buechler has announced the final release of pfSense 1.2, a small firewall based on FreeBSD: "The pfSense development team is proud to bring you the 1.2 release! This brings the features and bug fixes from more than 16 months of development since the 1.0 release. Already widely tested and deployed throughout the release candidate phase, this release provides the finishing touches on releases already proven in a wide range of network environments. The changes since RC4: Improve CARP input validation; clarify text and fix typos on several screens; revert DHCP client to default timeout of 60 seconds; reload static routes when an interface IP address is changed by an administrator; fix a few areas allowing potential cross site scripting; fix a couple issues with package uninstalls...." More info in the release announcement.
DragonFly BSD 1.12
Matthew Dillon has announced the release of DragonFly BSD 1.12, a BSD operating system originally forked from FreeBSD 4 in order to develop a radically different approach to concurrency, SMP, and most other kernel sub-systems. "We are happy to say that the 1.12 release is now available! This release is primarily a maintenance update. A lot of work has been done all over the kernel and userland. There are no new big-ticket items though we have pushed the MP lock further into the kernel. The 2.0 release is scheduled for mid-year. Of the current big-ticket item work, the new HAMMER file system is almost at the alpha stage of development and is expected to be production ready by the mid-year 2.0 release." Read the release announcement and check out the detailed release notes for a complete list of changes.
FreeBSD 7.0 has been released: "The FreeBSD Release Engineering Team is pleased to announce the availability of FreeBSD 7.0-RELEASE. This is the first release from the 7-STABLE branch which introduces many new features along with many improvements to functionality present in the earlier branches. Some of the highlights: dramatic improvements in performance and SMP scalability shown by various database and other benchmarks; the ULE scheduler is vastly improved, providing improved performance and interactive response; experimental support for Sun's ZFS file system; gjournal can be used to set up journaled file systems, gvirstor can be used as a virtualized storage provider; read-only support for the XFS file system; the Unionfs file system has been fixed...." Read the release announcement and release notes for further details.
Tomáš Matějíček has announced the availability of an updated version of the recently released Slax 6. What's new? "Module manager will display correct info about 'slik' modules; activate refused to insert a module which was activated last time (before reboot) because of some empty mount points left- fixed; slax-version now shows correct version number; trash bin was not empty; swap partitions were not auto-activated due to a bug in linux-live scripts; raise sound volume for 'front', 'center' and 'side' channels; kdeglobals set to force Konqueror to follow 'slik' addresses without asking; a stripped version of vi in Slax, symlinked vi from busybox; disabled Flash plugin in Konqueror; added MadWifi wireless drivers version 0.9.4; added Memtest86 2.1; delete some unneeded C++ files in the 'devel' module." Read the rest of the release announcement for more information.
Momonga Linux 4.1
The Momonga Project has announced the release of Momonga Linux 4.1, a Fedora-based distribution made in Japan. This release represents a revision, or a security and bug-fix update, with most of the base system remaining unchanged from version 4. However, the kernel has been updated to version 2.6.23 and so were a few more visible desktop and server applications. Other changes include the addition of Fastladder (an open source edition of the Livedoor RSS Reader), FALF Player (a music player for KDE), Tasty Menu for KDE, Drupal, LZMA compression support and other features. Please read the release announcement (in Japanese) for more details.
Parted Magic 2.1
Patrick Verner has announced the release of Parted Magic 2.1, a specialist Linux distribution designed for hard disk partitioning tasks: "Parted Magic 2.1. This is mostly a bug-fix release. The only major improvement is support for ext4 in VisParted and Linux kernel 18.104.22.168." From the changelog: "Updated to linux kernel 22.214.171.124, NTFS-3G 1.2216; VisParted now creates ext4 file systems; fixed PXE booting; fixed multi-boot CD problem; merged 'List Partition Tables' into VisParted; added Netcat and some other networking programs to Busybox; Added Squashfs LZMA kernel drivers; added all upstream changes from GParted CVS; removed the GTK+ H20 theme and replaced it with Clearlooks; fixed xxd and dd placement; fixed missing pmodules directory in the make USB program; fixed the desktop files getting deleted bug." See the complete changelog for a detailed list of all changes.
PelicanHPC GNU Linux 1.3
PelicanHPC GNU Linux is a new name of what used to be known as ParallelKnoppix, a live CD project with a goal to make it simple to set up a high performance computing cluster. Now based on Debian GNU/Linux (rather than KNOPPIX), the project has announced the release of PelicanHPC 1.3. From the changelog: "make_pelican allows a password to be specified, the default is still 'live'; make_pelican allows you to specify a storage device to mount as /home, the default is still to use a ramdisk; the setup routine has been greatly improved. At this point, I think that Pelican is in good shape. I am not planning on making more releases until several months from now, unless some important bug surfaces." Visit the project's home page to read the release announcement.
SystemRescueCd 1.0.0, a Gentoo-based distribution with a collection of hard disk partitioning and data rescue tools, has been released. From the changelog: "Programs are now compiled for i486; added Xvesa to fix problems with the graphical environment on some hardware; added a 64-bit alternative kernel (altker64); merged all the old initramfs files into a single initram.igz file; the PXE boot can now download the sysrcd.dat file using the TFTP protocol; rewrote autorun with support of the HTTP source; fixed problems with the network configuration boot options; updated the default kernel to Linux 126.96.36.199 with Reiser4; updated the alternative kernel to Linux 188.8.131.52; updated GParted to 0.3.5, NTFS-3G to 1.2216; improved the wireless network support (drivers and firmware); updated the Memtest86+ floppy disk image to 2.00...." See the rest of the changelog for more details.
SystemRescueCd offers a handful of graphical applications, including GParted, Dillo and Firefox.
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Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
February 2008 donation: Frugalware Linux receives US$340.00|
We are pleased to announce that the recipient of the January 2008 DistroWatch.com donation is Frugalware Linux. The project receives US$340.00 in cash.
Frugalware Linux is an independent distribution developed by Miklós Vajna and a small developer community. It was originally inspired by the simplicity of Slackware Linux, but the developers also included Pacman, the excellent package manager from Arch Linux. Pacman, and its graphical front-end, now form an integral part of Frugalware Linux. The project also prides itself on providing the very latest software packages in the repositories, on having a regular 6-month release cycle, and on providing complete security support for the distribution during its lifespan. Frugalware Linux might not be a particularly widely-used distro, but the dedication of the development team is exemplary and they continue to deliver improved releases every few months.
As always, this monthly donations programme is a joint initiative between DistroWatch and two online shops selling low-cost CDs and DVDs with Linux, BSD and other open source software - LinuxCD.org and OSDisc.com. These vendors contributed US$50.00 each towards this month's donation to Frugalware Linux.
Here is the list of projects that received a DistroWatch donation since the launch of the programme (figures in US dollars):
Since the launch of the Donations Programme in March 2004, DistroWatch has donated a total of US$16,583 to various open source software projects.
- 2004: GnuCash ($250), Quanta Plus ($200), PCLinuxOS ($300), The GIMP ($300), Vidalinux ($200), Fluxbox ($200), K3b ($350), Arch Linux ($300), Kile KDE LaTeX Editor ($100) and UNICEF - Tsunami Relief Operation ($340)
- 2005: Vim ($250), AbiWord ($220), BitTorrent ($300), NdisWrapper ($250), Audacity ($250), Debian GNU/Linux ($420), GNOME ($425), Enlightenment ($250), MPlayer ($400), Amarok ($300), KANOTIX ($250) and Cacti ($375)
- 2006: Gambas ($250), Krusader ($250), FreeBSD Foundation ($450), GParted ($360), Doxygen ($260), LilyPond ($250), Lua ($250), Gentoo Linux ($500), Blender ($500), Puppy Linux ($350), Inkscape ($350), Cape Linux Users Group ($130), Mandriva Linux ($405, a Powerpack competition), Digikam ($408) and SabayonLinux ($450)
- 2007: GQview ($250), Kaffeine ($250), sidux ($350), CentOS ($400), LyX ($350), VectorLinux ($350), KTorrent ($400), FreeNAS ($350), lighttpd ($400), Damn Small Linux ($350), NimbleX ($450), MEPIS Linux ($300), Zenwalk Linux ($300)
- 2008: VLC ($350), Frugalware Linux ($340)
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New distributions added to database
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New distributions added to waiting list
- Russix. Russix is a specialist, Slax-based live CD with a collection of software tools designed for auditing wireless networks.
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DistroWatch database summary
And this concludes the latest issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 10 March 2008.
If you've enjoyed this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly, please consider sending us a tip.
(Tips this week: 0, value: US$0.00)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 777 (2018-08-20): YunoHost 184.108.40.206, limiting process resource usage, converting file systems on Fedora, Debian turns 25, Lubuntu migrating to Wayland|
|• Issue 776 (2018-08-13): NomadBSD 1.1, Maximum storage limits on Linux, openSUSE extends life for 42.3, updates to the Librem 5 phone interface|
|• Issue 775 (2018-08-06): Secure-K OS 18.5, Linux is about choice, Korora tests community spin, elementary OS hires developer, ReactOS boots on Btrfs|
|• Issue 774 (2018-07-30): Ubuntu MATE & Ubuntu Budgie 18.04, upgrading software from source, Lubuntu shifts focus, NetBSD changes support policy|
|• Issue 773 (2018-07-23): Peppermint OS 9, types of security used by different projects, Mint reacts to bugs in core packages, Slackware turns 25|
|• Issue 772 (2018-07-16): Hyperbola GNU/Linux-libre 0.2.4, UBports running desktop applications, OpenBSD auto-joins wi-fi networks, boot environments and zedenv|
|• Issue 771 (2018-07-09): Linux Lite 4.0, checking CPUs for bugs, configuring GRUB, Mint upgrade instructions, SUSE acquired by EQT|
|• Issue 770 (2018-07-02): Linux Mint 19, Solus polishes desktop experience, MintBox Mini 2, changes to Fedora's installer|
|• Issue 769 (2018-06-25): BunsenLabs Helium, counting Ubuntu users, UBports upgrading to 16.04, Fedora CoreOS, FreeBSD turns 25|
|• Issue 768 (2018-06-18): Devuan 2.0.0, using pkgsrc to manage software, the NOVA filesystem, OpenBSD handles successful cron output|
|• Issue 767 (2018-06-11): Android-x86 7.1-r1, transferring files over OpenSSH with pipes, LFS with Debian package management, Haiku ports LibreOffice|
|• Issue 766 (2018-06-04): openSUSE 15, overview of file system links, Manjaro updates Pamac, ReactOS builds itself, Bodhi closes forums|
|• Issue 765 (2018-05-28): Pop!_OS 18.04, gathering system information, Haiku unifying ARM builds, Solus resumes control of Budgie|
|• Issue 764 (2018-05-21): DragonFly BSD 5.2.0, Tails works on persistent packages, Ubuntu plans new features, finding services affected by an update|
|• Issue 763 (2018-05-14): Fedora 28, Debian compatibility coming to Chrome OS, malware found in some Snaps, Debian's many flavours|
|• Issue 762 (2018-05-07): TrueOS 18.03, live upgrading Raspbian, Mint plans future releases, HardenedBSD to switch back to OpenSSL|
|• Issue 761 (2018-04-30): Ubuntu 18.04, accessing ZFS snapshots, UBports to run on Librem 5 phones, Slackware makes PulseAudio optional|
|• Issue 760 (2018-04-23): Chakra 2017.10, using systemd to hide files, Netrunner's ARM edition, Debian 10 roadmap, Microsoft develops Linux-based OS|
|• Issue 759 (2018-04-16): Neptune 5.0, building containers with Red Hat, antiX introduces Sid edition, fixing filenames on the command line|
|• Issue 758 (2018-04-09): Sortix 1.0, openSUSE's Transactional Updates, Fedora phasing out Python 2, locating portable packages|
|• Issue 757 (2018-04-02): Gatter Linux 0.8, the UNIX and Linux System Administration Handbook, Red Hat turns 25, super long term support kernels|
|• Issue 756 (2018-03-26): NuTyX 10.0, Neptune supplies Debian users with Plasma 5.12, SolydXK on a Raspberry Pi, SysV init development|
|• Issue 755 (2018-03-19): Learning with ArchMerge and Linux Academy, Librem 5 runs Plasma Mobile, Cinnamon gets performance boost|
|• Issue 754 (2018-03-12): Reviewing Sabayon and Antergos, the growing Linux kernel, BSDs getting CPU bug fixes, Manjaro builds for ARM devices|
|• Issue 753 (2018-03-05): Enso OS 0.2, KDE Plasma 5.12 features, MX Linux prepares new features, interview with MidnightBSD's founder|
|• Issue 752 (2018-02-26): OviOS 2.31, performing off-line upgrades, elementary OS's new installer, UBports gets test devices, Redcore team improves security|
|• Issue 751 (2018-02-19): DietPi 6.1, testing KDE's Plasma Mobile, Nitrux packages AppImage in default install, Solus experiments with Wayland|
|• Issue 750 (2018-02-12): Solus 3, getting Deb packages upstream to Debian, NetBSD security update, elementary OS explores AppCentre changes|
|• Issue 749 (2018-02-05): Freespire 3 and Linspire 7.0, misunderstandings about Wayland, Xorg and Mir, Korora slows release schedule, Red Hat purchases CoreOS|
|• Issue 748 (2018-01-29): siduction 2018.1.0, SolydXK 32-bit editions, building an Ubuntu robot, desktop-friendly Debian options|
|• Issue 747 (2018-01-22): Ubuntu MATE 17.10, recovering open files, creating a new distribution, KDE focusing on Wayland features|
|• Issue 746 (2018-01-15): deepin 15.5, openSUSE's YaST improvements, new Ubuntu 17.10 media, details on Spectre and Meltdown bugs|
|• Issue 745 (2018-01-08): GhostBSD 11.1, Linspire and Freespire return, wide-spread CPU bugs patched, adding AppImage launchers to the application menu|
|• Issue 744 (2018-01-01): MX Linux 17, Ubuntu pulls media over BIOS bug, PureOS gets endorsed by the FSF, openSUSE plays with kernel boot splash screens|
|• Issue 743 (2017-12-18): Daphile 17.09, tools for rescuing files, Fedora Modular Server delayed, Sparky adds ARM support, Slax to better support wireless networking|
|• Issue 742 (2017-12-11): heads 0.3.1, improvements coming to Tails, Void tutorials, Ubuntu phasing out Python 2, manipulating images from the command line|
|• Issue 741 (2017-12-04): Pop!_OS 17.10, openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots, installing Q4OS on a Windows partition, using the at command|
|• Issue 740 (2017-11-27): Artix Linux, Unity spin of Ubuntu, Nitrux swaps Snaps for AppImage, getting better battery life on Linux|
|• Issue 739 (2017-11-20): Fedora 27, cross-distro software ports, Ubuntu on Samsung phones, Red Hat supports ARM, Parabola continues 32-bit support|
|• Issue 738 (2017-11-13): SparkyLinux 5.1, rumours about spyware, Slax considers init software, Arch drops 32-bit packages, overview of LineageOS|
|• Issue 737 (2017-11-06): BeeFree OS 18.1.2, quick tips to fix common problems, Slax returning, Solus plans MATE and software management improvements|
|• Issue 736 (2017-10-30): Ubuntu 17.10, "what if" security questions, Linux Mint to support Flatpak, NetBSD kernel memory protection|
|• Issue 735 (2017-10-23): ArchLabs Minimo, building software with Ravenports, WPA security patch, Parabola creates OpenRC spin|
|• Issue 734 (2017-10-16): Star 1.0.1, running the Linux-libre kernel, Ubuntu MATE experiments with snaps, Debian releases new install media, Purism reaches funding goal|
|• Issue 733 (2017-10-09): KaOS 2017.09, 32-bit prematurely obsoleted, Qubes security features, IPFire updates Apache|
|• Issue 732 (2017-10-02): ClonOS, reducing Snap package size, Ubuntu dropping 32-bit Desktop, partitioning disks for ZFS|
|• Issue 731 (2017-09-25): BackSlash Linux Olaf, W3C adding DRM to web standards, Wayland support arrives in Mir, Debian experimenting with AppArmor|
|• Issue 730 (2017-09-18): Mageia 6, running a completely free OS, HAMMER2 file system in DragonFly BSD's installer, Manjaro to ship pre-installed on laptops|
|• Issue 729 (2017-09-11): Parabola GNU/Linux-libre, running Plex Media Server on a Raspberry Pi, Tails feature roadmap, a cross-platform ports build system|
|• Issue 728 (2017-09-04): Nitrux 1.0.2, SUSE creates new community repository, remote desktop tools for GNOME on Wayland, using Void source packages|
|• Issue 727 (2017-08-28): Cucumber Linux 1.0, using Flatpak vs Snap, GNOME previews Settings panel, SUSE reaffirms commitment to Btrfs|
|• Issue 726 (2017-08-21): Redcore Linux 1706, Solus adds Snap support, KaOS getting hardened kernel, rolling releases and BSD|
|• Full list of all issues|
|Random Distribution |
Lubuntu is a fast, lightweight and energy-saving variant of Ubuntu using the LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) desktop. It is intended to have low-resource system requirements and is designed primarily for netbooks, mobile devices and older PCs.