| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 787, 29 October 2018
Welcome to this year's 44th issue of DistroWatch Weekly!
Earlier this month we saw the usual scheduled October release of Ubuntu and its many community editions. One of the notable changes in the new 18.10 versions came from Lubuntu as the project changed its desktop environment from the GTK+-based LXDE to Qt-based LXQt. This adjustment brings with it a number of related changes in default applications and resource usage and we explore these differences in our Feature Story. Lubuntu's change in desktops is also the topic of our Opinion Poll and we would like to know whether you are in favour of the shift from LXDE to LXQt. In our News section we discuss efforts to compile a list of compatible hardware which works with the Haiku operating system, and cover a story on the Solus distribution's missing founder. Plus we discuss IBM purchasing Red Hat, Pine64 planning a phone running Plasma, and the Mir display software and what its status is now that it has reached its 1.0 milestone. In our Questions and Answers section we talk about how to limit application usage to specific users. We are also pleased to share the releases of the past week and list the torrents we are seeding. We wish you all a wonderful week and happy reading!
- Review: Lubuntu 18.10 - now with LXQt
- News: Haiku hardware compatibility list, Solus founder out of contact, a potential new GNU/Linux phone, explaining Mir 1.0, IBM buying Red Hat
- Questions and answers: Limit application access to specific users
- Released last week: Tails 3.10.1, OpenIndiana 2018.10, Primtux 4
- Torrent corner: Archman, Bluestar, Clonezilla, Greenie, MorpheusArch, KDE neon, Nitrux, OpenIndiana, Primtux, Robolinux, Tails
- Upcoming releases: Fedora 29, FreeBSD 12.0-BETA3
- Opinion poll: Lubuntu's switch to LXQt
- New distributions: Open Secure-K OS
- Reader comments
Listen to the Podcast edition of this week's DistroWatch Weekly in OGG (21MB) and MP3 (15MB) formats.
|Feature Story (by Jesse Smith)
Lubuntu 18.10 - now with LXQt
On October 18th the Ubuntu distribution and related community projects released new versions. These new releases are short term releases, receiving just nine months of support. For the most part, I did not find many big, new features listed in the announcements, but one exception was the changing of Lubuntu's desktop environment:
Thanks to all the hard work from our contributors, Lubuntu 18.10 has been released. This is the first Lubuntu release with LXQt as the main desktop environment. The Lubuntu project, in 18.10 and successive releases, will no longer support the LXDE desktop environment or tools in the Ubuntu archive and will instead focus on the LXQt desktop environment.
The project has also reported that it plans to focus on being relatively light and modern, but will no longer focus on supporting older hardware.
A shift in desktop environments, even related ones like LXDE and LXQt, struck me as interesting and I was curious to see what practical effect, if any, this would have on Lubuntu's users. With that in mind, I would like to share some information on Lubuntu's final release featuring LXDE (version 18.04) and then talk about Lubuntu 18.10 with the LXQt desktop.
* * * * *
Lubuntu 18.04 with LXDE
Let's quickly talk about some of the characteristics of Lubuntu 18.04 with the LXDE desktop. Lubuntu 18.04 was provided as a 1GB ISO file. The distribution was installed with the Ubiquity installer and a fresh copy of the operating system used up 3.6GB of disk space. The LXDE desktop on Lubuntu used about 180MB of RAM and was wonderfully light and responsive in my test environments.
Lubuntu 18.04 featured a theme that used a lot of light grey backgrounds and black text. Most applications were members of the GTK+ family of programs. Software in the default install included Firefox, Pidgin, Transmission, AbiWord, Gnumeric, MPV and Audacious. Settings were managed through modules found in the application menu, and I do not recall there being a central settings panel.
Lubuntu 18.04 -- Running LXDE
(full image size: 387kB, resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
For software management, Lubuntu 18.04 used GNOME Software to handle desktop applications. People who wanted to deal with lower level packages could run the Synaptic package manager. there was a third tool to manage package updates.
On the whole, I would say that Lubuntu 18.04 was a solid, long-term support release. There were not a lot of standout features, and I questioned the practicality of using AbiWord and Gnumeric over the more popular LibreOffice suite, but on the whole I thought the distribution's final version with LXDE was a good, lightweight distribution.
* * * * *
Lubuntu 18.10 with LXQt
The latest release if Lubuntu is provided as a 1.6GB download in both 32-bit and 64-bit builds. Booting from the live media loads the LXQt 0.13.0 desktop. The desktop's panel is still placed at the bottom of the display. The application menu is located in the bottom-left corner of the screen and the system tray is positioned in the bottom-right corner. The theme has been adjusted slightly, generally using white text on a black background for greater contrast. This darker look works pretty well except for a few corner cases such as the volume control in the system tray. It is presented as a dark grey icon on a grey background and is difficult to see.
The new version of Lubuntu uses the Calamares system installer, which replaces Ubiquity. This strikes me as an odd choice as most of the Calamares screens look the same as Ubiquity's and the steps are very similar. I think Calamares might offer a little more flexibility with disk partitioning, but otherwise the two installers are very similar, so I am curious about the change. The installer walks us through setting our time zone, selecting our keyboard's layout, setting up disk partitions and creating a user account. It then places its files on our hard drive and we can restart the computer to try out our new copy of Lubuntu.
Lubuntu 18.10 -- Running Firefox and monitoring processes
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Lubuntu boots to a colourful, graphical login screen where we can sign into either the LXQt desktop or the Openbox window manager. The LXQt desktop is pleasantly responsive and I like the new theme and colourful icons. The desktop seems set up to avoid distracting us; there are very few notifications and there were no indication of new software updates during my trial.
I experimented with Lubuntu 18.10 in a virtual machine and on a desktop computer. When running on the desktop computer, Lubuntu performed well. All my hardware was detected, the desktop was always responsive and Lubuntu was stable throughout my trial.
When running in VirtualBox, Lubuntu started off limiting my desktop resolution to 800x640 pixels. This could be adjusted in the display configuration module without requiring that I install any extra modules. After I sorted out my display's resolution, Lubuntu performed well in the virtual machine.
Lubuntu 18.10 required 280MB of memory when signed into LXQt, 55% more than the distribution needed to run LXDE. The new version of Lubuntu consumed 4.6GB of disk space with a fresh install, a full gigabyte more than the previous version.
Lubuntu 18.10 ships with software that is mostly part of the Qt family of applications. The application menu features the Firefox web browser, Qtransmission for downloading torrents, the Quassel IRC client and LibreOffice. The qpdfview PDF viewer is present along with the LXImage image viewer, and the FeatherPad text editor. We also find the K3b disc burning software, a calculator, archive manager and the oddly complicated QtPass password manager. Lubuntu ships with the qps process monitor and the PCmanFM-Qt file manager. Digging further we find the VLC multimedia player (I found no specific, dedicated music player). Like the previous version of Lubuntu, the distribution uses NetworkManager to set up network connections and features the systemd init software. Lubuntu 18.10 ships with version 4.18.0 of the Linux kernel.
Lubuntu 18.10 -- Browsing applications in the file manager
(full image size: 249kB, resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
I found the included programs generally worked well, were stable and did not offer any surprises. The exception was trying to play videos in VLC. Sometimes the player would crash trying to start a video, though other videos and music files played successfully.
We can access Lubuntu's settings through the application menu or through a settings panel. The panel is somewhat buried (it's three levels deep in the application menu), but it presents us with a fairly easy and familiar way to adjust the desktop. Most of the configuration modules work as we might expect, making it pretty straight forward to change the wallpaper, keyboard short-cuts and and notifications. There is also a handy tool for setting up printers.
Lubuntu 18.10 -- The settings panel
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There were two tools which stood out as being less user friendly. The Alternative Applications module shows application types and lists which application is being used. It seems like an overly complex way to explore this information and redundant since the settings panel also has a complex File Associations module. I call it complex as the File Associations module doesn't assign a group of file types (such as text or videos) to an application, instead it assigns individual file extensions to programs. This is very flexible, but may require changing dozens of entries to get all text or media files to open in the same program.
The user account manager was mostly a positive experience for me and I like how simple it is to use. However, the user manager shows two system accounts (systemd-coredump and nobody) mixed in with regular user accounts. I suspect this may confuse people and possibly result in these system accounts getting removed.
Lubuntu 18.10 ships with two software managers. The first is Discover, an application manager which shows links for available applications, installed items and settings down the left side of the window. On the right we see programs (or settings) in the selected section. When exploring available programs we can see a program's name and icon listed on the right side of the window and we can click an entry to see more information and a screenshot.
I ran into a few problems with Discover. While the software manager worked fairly smoothly on my desktop computer, it was terribly slow when running in a virtual machine. Scrolling through a list of applications could take over ten seconds to refresh the display and Discover would appear to lock-up when switching to a new screen or loading application information. At one point I installed the GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP) and later found there were two entries for GIMP in the Installed section. The two GIMP packages had different description pages. At first I thought one might be a portable package, but Flatpak was not enabled on my system and a check showed no Snap packages had been installed. The low level dpkg package manager showed only one copy of GIMP was installed, so I have no explanation for where the second copy of GIMP came from in Discover's listing.
Lubuntu 18.10 -- Multiple GIMP entries in Discover
(full image size: 133kB, resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
The second software manager is the Muon package manager. Muon has a similar layout with two panes (categories on the left, programs on the right), but uses fewer visual elements and less space for entries. Muon focuses on low level packages and does not display as much information; its listings are more compact. Muon feels similar to Synaptic in its abilities and style, but with an interface that feels a bit more colourful and modern.
Both software managers offer to update packages, if new versions are available.
Lubuntu 18.10 -- The Muon package manager
(full image size: 465kB, resolution: 1280x1024 pixels)
I have mixed feelings about this release of Lubuntu. On the one hand most of the features worked well. The distribution was easy to install, I liked the theme, and the operating system is pretty easy to use. There were a few aspects I didn't like, usually programs or settings modules I felt were overly complex or confusing compared to their counterparts on other distributions. For the most part though, Lubuntu does a nice job of being a capable, relatively lightweight distribution.
Lubuntu 18.10 does not exist in a vacuum and I am mostly interested in how the new version compares to Lubuntu 18.04 - what is better and what is worse? In my opinion, the new, higher contrast theme is nicer to look at. I enjoyed the look of LXQt more than the older LXDE. Performance was in the same range on my machines, though I think 18.04 booted a little faster.
Some of the different programs I liked and some I did not. I think replacing AbiWord and Gnumeric with LibreOffice is a practical move. The latter might be heavier, but I think more people will be familiar with it and enjoy the greater range of features. On the other hand, swapping out GNOME Software for Discover feels like a step backwards. The former is faster, has a nicer interface (in my opinion) and I did not run into duplicate entries in the GNOME Software tool. Discover feels like a poorer tool, introduced for toolkit purity rather than capability.
For the most part I felt the switch from GTK+ to Qt applications went smoothly. We end up with most of the same capabilities and sometimes, as with Transmission, the same underlying software exists in the background.
One concern I had was with the increase in resource requirements in Lubuntu 18.10. Whether this is a big deal or not will depend a lot on how you look at the numbers. Lubuntu 18.10 has an ISO that is 60% larger than the one for 18.04. This seems like a big increase, but unless the user is on a dial-up Internet connection the download is not going to make a big difference and it is something we only need to do once.
Once installed, Lubuntu 18.10 uses up a full gigabyte more disk space. That is a big jump, proportionately, but it is unlikely to negatively affect anyone with a computer made in the past 15 years. So it looks like a step in the wrong direction, but probably not a practical issue.
I feel the same way about memory consumption. The new version is 55% heavier than the previous release in RAM. This is not ideal, but memory usage was still only 280MB. So, relatively speaking, Lubuntu's memory usage ballooned remarkably from one release to the next.However, Lubuntu's expanded resource consumption still makes it lighter than most other desktop Linux distributions, and the difference is roughly the equivalent of opening a few extra browser tabs. In short, when it comes to resources, Lubuntu is using more than before, but still so little that no computer made in the past decade or more will be impacted by the difference.
On the whole, I think the transition from LXDE to LXQt has gone smoothly. There are a few choices I didn't like, and a few I did, but mostly the changes were minor. I think most people will be able to make the leap between the two desktops fairly easily. I think a few settings modules still need polish and I'd like to see Discover replaced with just about any other modern software manager, but otherwise this felt like a graceful (and mostly positive) move from 18.04 to 18.10 and from LXDE to LXQt.
* * * * *
Hardware used in this review
My physical test equipment for this review was a desktop HP Pavilon p6 Series with the following specifications:
- Processor: Dual-core 2.8GHz AMD A4-3420 APU
- Storage: 500GB Hitachi hard drive
- Memory: 6GB of RAM
- Networking: Realtek RTL8111 wired network card
- Display: AMD Radeon HD 6410D video card
* * * * *
Visitor supplied rating
Lubuntu has a visitor supplied average rating of: 8.6/10 from 212 review(s).
Have you used Lubuntu? You can leave your own review of the project on our ratings page.
|Miscellaneous News (by Jesse Smith)
Haiku hardware compatibility list, Solus founder out of contact, a potential new GNU/Linux phone, explaining Mir 1.0, IBM buying Red Hat
The Haiku operating system is a lightweight, highly responsive desktop operating system and the spiritual successor to BeOS from the 1990s. The Haiku project recently released its first beta and, while the Haiku developers have made great progress, some users still struggle with hardware compatibility. Some users are assembling a list of compatible computers and hardware that will run Haiku and posting their findings on the project's forum. "Up to now, I've been storing the new responses to a simple Google page called 'Hardware List for Haiku 10' which I don't think anyone can effectively see or use that well, and if people are taking the time to test and contribute, it'd be nice if they can see their efforts. So, as of today, I'd actually like to also put that info here and make this a Wiki page so that anyone curious what computer models are compatible with Haiku can freely take a look..." The current list can be found in this forum thread. The thread has been added to our hardware compatibility page to make it easier for our readers to find in the future.
* * * * *
A little over a year after the founder of Solus, Ikey Doherty, announced that he was leaving his job to work on Solus full-time using funds donated to the project, the Solus core team have reported they are no longer in contact with him. "Ikey reached out to us on September 7th and informing us that he was still not feeling well, but that he had paid the server up for another 30 days so that we wouldn't need to rush to finish the migration... To date, that was the last communication we or anyone in contact with us have received from Ikey."
The remaining Solus developers are working to regain control of the Solus infrastructure and accounts. They report they have been unable to get access to the Solus Patreon account and advise people funding the project to cease their Patreon donations for the time being. "Unfortunately, with Patreon's refusal to assist us, our only option is to kindly request that you immediately cease your donations to it. My personal advice would be to additionally contact Patreon for refunds and express your frustration to them for their unwillingness to assist us. We can only hope that they decide to grant us access to the funds or account. I deeply apologize that we did not take the necessary measures earlier to ensure this account was accessible to the entire team. Moving forward, we will not be accepting any monetary donations until we have measures in place to ensure it can be accessed by the entire team at any point in time." Further details can be found in the Solus blog post. The Void team faced a similar issue earlier this year.
* * * * *
Pine64 is a company which makes and sells an ARM-based laptop called the Pinebook. It's FOSS has published an article reporting that the company is looking at developing a smart phone running GNU/Linux software and the Plasma user interface. "I contacted Pine64 team and TL Lim, founder of Pine64, confirmed the plans for a Linux-based smartphone and tablet. These devices are called PinePhone and PineTab. Lim revealed some information about PinePhone development. The first PinePhone developer kit will be given to selected developers for free on November 1. This is a combo kit of PINE A64 baseboard + SOPine module + 7″ Touch Screen Display + Camera + Wifi/BT + Playbox enclosure + Lithium-Ion battery case + LTE cat 4 USB dongle. This combo kit will allow developers to jump start PinePhone development. The Pine A64 platform already has a mainline Linux OS build thanks to the Pine64 community and support [from] KDE neon."
* * * * *
Earlier this year the Mir team published version 1.0 of their display software. Following the announcement the developers realized Mir is still an often-misunderstood piece of technology. A post on the Ubuntu Community boards provides an overview of X11, Wayland, and Mir and how they relate to each other. "We've recently (OK, recently-ish) released Mir 1.0 with usable Wayland support. Yay! That brought a bunch of publicity, including on LWN. Some of the comments there and elsewhere betray a misunderstanding about what Wayland is (and is not), and this still occasionally comes up in #wayland, so I'll dust off an old blog post, polish up the rusty bits, and see if I can make this clearer for people again!"
* * * * *
The weekend brought some significant news from Red Hat, the world's largest commercial Linux company. Red Hat is being purchased by IBM: "Today, one of the largest enterprise players on the planet has agreed to take open source and Red Hat even further. By joining IBM, Red Hat can deliver even more open source innovation to customers at a larger scale. Importantly, IBM has been a long time and great partner of ours, dating back to when they made a significant early investment in Linux and then became one of the first hardware platform partners to package and bring Red Hat Enterprise Linux to their customers."
* * * * *
These and other news stories can be found on our Headlines page.
|Questions and Answers (by Jesse Smith)
Limit application access to specific users
Blocking-access-for-some asks: Is there a way to password protect applications so that each user needs to put in a password to run, for example, Chrome?
DistroWatch answers: Yes, technically it is possible to put blocks in place which would require the user to put in a password in order to run an application. There are tools such as sudo and doas which are designed to grant temporary permission to run a program if the user can input the right password. However, for this to work you would need to first block users from running the program, then configure special entries in the sudo or doas configuration file for them. You may need to set up new accounts to handle application-specific information. It turns into a bit of a configuration mess.
I suspect what you are trying to do is set up a shared computer so that only certain users can run certain programs. For example, on a shared family computer you might want just the parents/guardians to be able to run a web browser while the children are limited to using other programs.
If this is the case there is a relatively easy way to limit access to certain programs to a group of people. Then only users in that group will be able to run the program and everyone else will be blocked. The user needs their password to sign in, but once they are logged in, they will automatically have access to run certain applications, or be denied from running other applications.
To accomplish this we need to do three things:
On most distribution we can create a new group, which I will call parents, by using the addgroup command:
- Create a new user group.
- Add privileged users to the new group.
- Change the permissions of the program to be exclusive to the new group.
sudo addgroup parents
Next we add each person we want to be able to run the program into the parents group. In this case, I'm going to assume their names are Bob and Alice. This takes multiple commands, one for each user.
sudo adduser alice parents
Now we have Alice and Bob in the parents group. Anyone else on the system is not considered a parent. Our next step is to change the permissions of the program so that only the administrator and members of the parents group can run it. In the following example, I'm going to use the Chrome browser as the target program.
sudo adduser bob parents
sudo chown root:parents /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable
The first line changes ownership of the program so that it is owned by the administrator (root), and it is associated with the parents group. The second line allows root to do anything with the program (such as run, upgrade or remove it). The parents are allowed to read the program into memory and run it. Anyone else gets no access and cannot run or change the application.
sudo chmod 750 /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable
The next time Alice and Bob sign into their accounts they will be able to run Chrome, but no one else will. You can do this with as many programs as you like, once the special group (parents in this case) has been created.
A word of warning with this method: your package manager may change the ownership of files the next time an upgrade for the application becomes available. If this happens you will need to re-run the last two commands in the above tutorial to get the proper permissions back.
* * * * *
Additional answers can be found in our Questions and Answers archive.
|Released Last Week
Alexander Pyhalov has announced the release of OpenIndiana 2018.10, a new snapshot of the project's open-source operating system built from the ashes of Oracle's defunct OpenSolaris. This version updates the MATE desktop and most other applications to newer versions and provides various improvements to the Illumos kernel: "We have released a new OpenIndiana 'Hipster' snapshot 2018.10. The noticeable changes: MATE desktop was updated to 1.20; Python 3.5 was added, a lot of Python modules are now delivered for 3.5 Python version in addition to 2.7 and 3.4; Image Packaging System (IPS) has received a lot of updates from OmniOS CE IPS and Solaris IPS; KVM zone brand now allows you to manage your KVM VMs as Illumos zones; several new compilers were added, including GCC 8 (with patches necessary to build Illumos) and Rust 1.29; many components were migrated to 64-bit only, most newly-added software defaults to 64-bit; due to recent security fixes compatibilty with some Solaris applications is broken, the most important one is VirtualBox." See the release announcement and the detailed release notes for further information.
OpenIndiana 2018.10 -- Running the MATE desktop
(full image size: 1.6MB, resolution:1920x1080 pixels)
A new version of Tails has been released. Tails is a Debian-based live distribution whose goal is to help its users to browse the Internet anonymously and to circumvent censorship. This version is a standard security and bug-fix update: "Tails 3.10.1 is out. This release fixes many security vulnerabilities. You should upgrade as soon as possible. Upgrades and changes: hide the PIM option when unlocking VeraCrypt volumes because PIM won't be supported until Tails 4.0; rename the buttons in the confirmation dialog of Tails Installer to Install (or Upgrade) and Cancel to be less confusing; update Linux to 4.8, Tor Browser to 8.0.3, Thunderbird to 60.2.1. Fixed problems: prevent Tor Browser from leaking the language of the session; prevent Additional Software from asking to persist packages which are already configured as additional software; prevent Tails Installer from crashing when issuing an error message with international characters (non-ASCII); fix the VeraCrypt support for multiple encryption (cascades of ciphers); harden the configuration of sudo to prevent privilege escalation." Further information and screen shots can be found in the project's release announcement.
PrimTux is a Debian-based distribution developed by a small team of school teachers and computer enthusiasts in the educational environment. The distribution's latest release is PrimTux 4 which unifies the look of the distribution's desktop environments across editions and makes it easier to customize the HandyMenu. The project's release announcement (in French) also reports updates to the parental controls. A translation of the announcement reads: "e2guardian replaces DansGuardian, privoxy replaces tinyproxy. The same browser is used for all because the filtering is done at the user level in transparent mode, the HTTPS traffic is filtered, time slots of use can be applied. In this case, a multicore processor is recommended. DansGuardian and tinyproxy are used, the HTTPS is filtered by the proxy. Desktop uniformity: all versions of PrimTux have the same desktops."
* * * * *
Development, unannounced and minor bug-fix releases
The table below provides a list of torrents DistroWatch is currently seeding. If you do not have a bittorrent client capable of handling the linked files, we suggest installing either the Transmission or KTorrent bittorrent clients.
Archives of our previously seeded torrents may be found in our Torrent Archive. We also maintain a Torrents RSS feed for people who wish to have open source torrents delivered to them. To share your own open source torrents of Linux and BSD projects, please visit our Upload Torrents page.
Torrent Corner statistics:
- Total torrents seeded: 1,089
- Total data uploaded: 21.7TB
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
Summary of expected upcoming releases
Lubuntu's switch to LXQt
In this week's review of Lubuntu we talked about the distribution switching out their LXDE desktop for LXQt. The change not only affects some of the tools being shipped with the distribution, but also the amount of resources Lubuntu requires.
We would like to hear what our readers think about this change. Is it a good move for Lubuntu, or do you prefer the old LXDE desktop and associated applications?
You can see the results of our previous poll on running ARM-powered computers in last week's edition. All previous poll results can be found in our poll archives.
Lubuntu switching to LXQt
|I prefer the switch to LXQt: ||470 (34%)|
| I preferred the LXDE desktop: ||396 (29%)|
| I have no preference: ||507 (37%)|
Distributions added to waiting list
- Open Secure-K OS. Open Secure-K OS is a live, Debian-based operating system. It is designed to be run from a USB thumb drive and runs the GNOME desktop.
* * * * *
DistroWatch database summary
* * * * *
This concludes this week's issue of DistroWatch Weekly. The next instalment will be published on Monday, 5 November 2018. Past articles and reviews can be found through our Article Search page. To contact the authors please send e-mail to:
- Jesse Smith (feedback, questions and suggestions: distribution reviews/submissions, questions and answers, tips and tricks)
- Ladislav Bodnar (feedback, questions, donations, comments)
- Bruce Patterson (podcast)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 841 (2019-11-18): Emmabuntus DE3-1.00, changing keys in a keyboard layout, Debian phasing out Python 2 and voting on init diversity, Slackware gets unofficial updated live media|
|• Issue 840 (2019-11-11): Fedora 31, monitoring user activity, Fedora working to improve Python performance, FreeBSD gets faster networking|
|• Issue 839 (2019-11-04): MX 19, manipulating PDFs, Ubuntu plans features for 20.04, Fedora 29 nears EOL, Netrunner drops Manjaro-based edition|
|• Issue 838 (2019-10-28): Xubuntu 19.10, how init and service managers work together, DragonFly BSD provides emergency mode for HAMMER, Xfce team plans 4.16|
|• Issue 837 (2019-10-21): CentOS 8.0-1905, Trident finds a new base, Debian plans firewall changes, 15 years of Fedora, how to merge directories|
|• Issue 836 (2019-10-14): Archman 2019.09, Haiku improves ARM support, Project Trident shifting base OS, Unix turns 50|
|• Issue 835 (2019-10-07): Isotop, Mazon OS and, KduxOS, examples of using the find command, Mint's System Reports becomes proactive, Solus updates its desktops|
|• Issue 834 (2019-09-30): FreedomBox "Buster", CentOS gains a rolling release, Librem 5 phones shipping, Redcore updates its package manager|
|• Issue 833 (2019-09-23): Redcore Linux 1908, why Linux distros are free, Ubuntu making list of 32-bit software to keep, Richard M Stallman steps down from FSF leadership|
|• Issue 832 (2019-09-16): BlackWeb 1.2, checking for Wayland session and applications, Fedora to use nftables in firewalld, OpenBSD disables DoH in Firefox|
|• Issue 831 (2019-09-09): Adélie Linux 1.0 beta, using ffmpeg, awk and renice, Mint and elementary improvements, PureOS and Manjaro updates|
|• Issue 930 (2019-09-02): deepin 15.11, working with AppArmor profiles, elementary OS gets new greeter, exFAT support coming to Linux kernel|
|• Issue 829 (2019-08-26): EndeavourOS 2019.07.15, Drauger OS 7.4.1, finding the licenses of kernel modules, NetBSD gets Wayland application, GhostBSD changes base repo|
|• Issue 828 (2019-08-19): AcademiX 2.2, concerns with non-free firmware, UBports working on Unity8, Fedora unveils new EPEL channel, FreeBSD phasing out GCC|
|• Issue 827 (2019-08-12): Q4OS, finding files on the disk, Ubuntu works on ZFS, Haiku improves performance, OSDisc shutting down|
|• Issue 826 (2019-08-05): Quick looks at Resilient, PrimeOS, and BlueLight, flagship distros for desktops,Manjaro introduces new package manager|
|• Issue 825 (2019-07-29): Endless OS 3.6, UBports 16.04, gNewSense maintainer stepping down, Fedora developrs discuss optimizations, Project Trident launches stable branch|
|• Issue 824 (2019-07-22): Hexagon OS 1.0, Mageia publishes updated media, Fedora unveils Fedora CoreOS, managing disk usage with quotas|
|• Issue 823 (2019-07-15): Debian 10, finding 32-bit packages on a 64-bit system, Will Cooke discusses Ubuntu's desktop, IBM finalizes purchase of Red Hat|
|• Issue 822 (2019-07-08): Mageia 7, running development branches of distros, Mint team considers Snap, UBports to address Google account access|
|• Issue 821 (2019-07-01): OpenMandriva 4.0, Ubuntu's plan for 32-bit packages, Fedora Workstation improvements, DragonFly BSD's smaller kernel memory|
|• Issue 820 (2019-06-24): Clear Linux and Guix System 1.0.1, running Android applications using Anbox, Zorin partners with Star Labs, Red Hat explains networking bug, Ubuntu considers no longer updating 32-bit packages|
|• Issue 819 (2019-06-17): OS108 and Venom, renaming multiple files, checking live USB integrity, working with Fedora's Modularity, Ubuntu replacing Chromium package with snap|
|• Issue 818 (2019-06-10): openSUSE 15.1, improving boot times, FreeBSD's status report, DragonFly BSD reduces install media size|
|• Issue 817 (2019-06-03): Manjaro 18.0.4, Ubuntu Security Podcast, new Linux laptops from Dell and System76, Entroware Apollo|
|• Issue 816 (2019-05-27): Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.0, creating firewall rules, Antergos shuts down, Matthew Miller answers questions about Fedora|
|• Issue 815 (2019-05-20): Sabayon 19.03, Clear Linux's developer features, Red Hat explains MDS flaws, an overview of mobile distro options|
|• Issue 814 (2019-05-13): Fedora 30, distributions publish Firefox fixes, CentOS publishes roadmap to 8.0, Debian plans to use Wayland by default|
|• Issue 813 (2019-05-06): ROSA R11, MX seeks help with systemd-shim, FreeBSD tests unified package management, interview with Gael Duval|
|• Issue 812 (2019-04-29): Ubuntu MATE 19.04, setting up a SOCKS web proxy, Scientific Linux discontinued, Red Hat takes over Java LTS support|
|• Issue 811 (2019-04-22): Alpine 3.9.2, rsync examples, Ubuntu working on ZFS support, Debian elects new Project Leader, Obarun releases S6 tools|
|• Issue 810 (2019-04-15): SolydXK 201902, Bedrock Linux 0.7.2, Fedora phasing out Python 2, NetBSD gets virtual machine monitor|
|• Issue 809 (2019-04-08): PCLinuxOS 2019.02, installing Falkon and problems with portable packages, Mint offers daily build previews, Ubuntu speeds up Snap packages|
|• Issue 808 (2019-04-01): Solus 4.0, security benefits and drawbacks to using a live distro, Gentoo gets GNOME ports working without systemd, Redox OS update|
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Full list of all issues|
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Ignalum was located in Markham, Ontario, Canada. The privately held company was founded in the year 2002 with a vision of creating a cost-effective, installation-friendly, complete Linux-based operating environment offering full Windows compatibility. Ignalum Linux was a complete, Red Hat and RPM-based operating system optimized for the i686-class processors. It contains an easy to use installation program, extensive online documentation, and a menu-driven package system. A full installation gives you the X Window System, C/C++ development environments, Perl, networking utilities, a mail server, a news server, a web server, an ftp server, the GNU Image Manipulation Program, OpenOffice Suite, Netscape Communicator, plus many more programs. Ignalum Linux can run on any P6-class and higher processors (but uses -march=i686 -O2 optimization for best performance on i686-class machines like the P3, P4, and Duron/Athlon).